Yolo County, California

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Yolo County, California
County
County of Yolo
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Images, from top down, left to right: Yolo County Courthouse, The Ziggurat in West Sacramento, Mondavi Center on the UC Davis campus, Downtown Winters, Canada Geese at the Yolo Bypass Wildlife Area
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Flag
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Seal
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Location in the state of California
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California's location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°33′14″N 121°44′17″W / 38.55389°N 121.73806°W / 38.55389; -121.73806Coordinates: 38°33′14″N 121°44′17″W / 38.55389°N 121.73806°W / 38.55389; -121.73806
Country United States of America
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
Metropolitan area Greater Sacramento
Incorporated February 18, 1850[1]
County seat Woodland
Largest city Davis (population)
West Sacramento (area)
Area
 • Total 1,024 sq mi (2,650 km2)
 • Land 1,015 sq mi (2,630 km2)
 • Water 8.9 sq mi (23 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 200,849
 • Density 200/sq mi (76/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.yolocounty.org

Yolo County, officially the County of Yolo, is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 200,849.[2] Its county seat is Woodland,[3] and its largest city is Davis.

Yolo County is included in the Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is located in the Sacramento Valley,

Much of Yolo County remains a relatively rural agricultural region. This is evidenced by the multi-billion-dollar California tomato industry, centering on Yolo County, dominating 90% of the canned and processed tomato market in the United States.[citation needed]

Etymology

In the original act of 1850 the name was spelled "Yola." Yolo is a Native American name variously believed to be a corruption of a tribal name Yo-loy meaning "a place abounding in rushes" or of the name of the chief, Yodo, or of the village of Yodoi.

History

Yolo County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

Government

The county is governed by a board of five district supervisors as well as the governments of its four incorporated cities: Davis, West Sacramento, Winters, and Woodland.

Geography

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Aerial view of Watts Woodland Airport and surrounding area

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,024 square miles (2,650 km2), of which 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

Transportation

Major highways

County Roads

Transportation in Yolo County is based on a system of numbered County Roads. The numbering system works in the following way:

  1. North/South roads have numbers from 41 to 117 and increase from west to east
  2. East/West roads have numbers from 1 to 38A, and then from 151 to 161 and increase from north to south.

Each integer road number is generally one mile (1.6 km) apart, with letters designating occasional roads less than one mile (1.6 km) apart. County roads entering urban areas generally are named once they cross the city boundary. Some examples include County Road 101 in Woodland being renamed Pioneer Ave and County Road 102 (also known as County Route E8) in Davis being named Pole Line Road.

Public transportation

Airports

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Politics

Yolo County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 31.5% 23,368 65.6% 48,715 2.9% 2,185
2008 30.9% 24,592 67.1% 53,488 2.1% 1,669
2004 38.8% 28,005 59.3% 42,885 1.9% 1,379
2000 37.5% 23,057 54.9% 33,747 7.5% 4,632
1996 32.4% 18,807 56.9% 33,033 10.7% 6,239
1992 28.2% 17,574 53.3% 33,297 18.5% 11,565
1988 41.9% 22,358 57.0% 30,429 1.1% 585
1984 47.8% 24,329 50.9% 25,879 1.3% 645
1980 39.5% 19,603 43.3% 21,527 17.2% 8,560
1976 42.4% 18,376 54.3% 23,533 3.3% 1,408
1972 42.0% 17,969 55.4% 23,694 2.5% 1,075
1968 38.4% 11,123 54.7% 15,833 6.9% 2,004
1964 30.4% 7,976 69.5% 18,266 0.1% 32
1960 44.7% 10,104 54.9% 12,395 0.4% 90
1956 48.0% 9,347 51.7% 10,075 0.3% 57
1952 53.2% 9,375 46.0% 8,119 0.8% 139
1948 43.8% 5,560 52.5% 6,655 3.7% 469
1944 41.8% 4,233 57.7% 5,837 0.5% 46
1940 40.3% 4,373 58.8% 6,380 0.9% 101
1936 29.8% 2,594 68.9% 5,992 1.2% 106
1932 29.5% 2,515 67.8% 5,780 2.8% 234
1928 57.0% 3,545 42.4% 2,641 0.6% 38
1924 45.4% 2,470 14.6% 797 40.0% 2,180
1920 62.0% 3,375 32.8% 1,787 5.3% 286

Yolo is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican Presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was Dwight Eisenhower in 1952, which is the longest drought for Republicans in any California county. However, some Republican Governors have carried Yolo county since then (Ronald Reagan in 1966, George Deukmejian in 1986 and Arnold Schwarzenegger in 2003 and 2006).

Yolo County is split between California's 3rd and 6th congressional districts, represented by John Garamendi (DWalnut Grove) and Doris Matsui (DSacramento), respectively.[8] In the state legislature, Yolo is in the 2nd and 8th Assembly districts, which are held by Republican Jim Nielsen and Democrat Mariko Yamada, respectively, and the 5th Senate district, which is held by Democrat Lois Wolk.

In November 2008, Yolo was one of just three counties in California's interior in which voters rejected Proposition 8 to ban gay marriage. Yolo voters rejected Proposition 8 by 58.4 percent to 41.6 percent. The other interior counties in which Proposition 8 failed to receive a majority of votes were Alpine County and Mono County.[9]


Cities by population and voter registration

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Yolo County had a population of 200,849. The ethnic makeup of Yolo County was 126,883 (63.2%) White, 5,208 (2.6%) African American, 2,214 (1.1%) Native American, 26,052 (13.0%) Asian, 910 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 27,882 (13.9%) from other races, and 11,700 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 60,953 persons (30.3%).[17]

Perhaps surprisingly, the 2010 Census also placed two communities in Yolo County, Davis and Woodland, in the top ten most densely populated urban areas in the United States, with 5,156 and 4,550 people per square mile, respectively.[18]

2000

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,086
1860 4,716 334.3%
1870 9,899 109.9%
1880 11,772 18.9%
1890 12,684 7.7%
1900 13,618 7.4%
1910 13,926 2.3%
1920 17,105 22.8%
1930 23,644 38.2%
1940 27,243 15.2%
1950 40,640 49.2%
1960 65,727 61.7%
1970 91,788 39.7%
1980 113,374 23.5%
1990 141,092 24.4%
2000 168,660 19.5%
2010 200,849 19.1%
Est. 2013 204,593 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1790-1960[20] 1900-1990[21]
1990-2000[22] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 168,660 people, 59,375 households, and 37,465 families residing in the county. The population density was 166 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 61,587 housing units at an average density of 61 per square mile (23/km²). The ethnic makeup of the county was 67.7% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 9.9% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 13.8% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. 25.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.0% were of German, 6.6% English and 6.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 68.5% spoke English, 19.5% Spanish, 2.1% Chinese or Mandarin and 1.8% Russian as their first language.

There were 59,375 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 18.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,769, and the median income for a family was $51,623. Males had a median income of $38,022 versus $30,687 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,365. About 9.5% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

The county's public schools are managed by the Yolo County Office of Education.

Colleges and universities

Communities

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Water tower at University of California, Davis

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

Notes

References

External links