Tuolumne County, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tuolumne County, California
County
County of Tuolumne
Click to View Image Click to View Image
[[File:|300px]]
Click to View Image
Images, from top down, left to right: The Tuolumne County Courthouse in Sonora, a shop in Columbia State Historic Park, Tuolumne Meadows in Yosemite National Park
Click to View Image
Flag
Click to View Image
Seal
Click to View Image
Location in the state of California
Click to View Image
California's location in the United States
Country Click to View Image United States
State Click to View Image California
Regions Sierra Nevada, Gold Country
Incorporated February 18, 1850[1]
County seat Sonora
Area
 • Total 5,890 km2 (2,274 sq mi)
 • Land 5,750 km2 (2,221 sq mi)
 • Water 140 km2 (54 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 55,365
 • Density 9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.tuolumne.ca.us
Click to View Image
Very fine old crystalline-gold specimen, probably from Tuolomne County. Sold in the 1950s for $65; more recently for $12,500. Published twice.[2]

Tuolumne County (/tˈɒləm/ "To All o' Me", with a silent N), officially the County of Tuolumne, is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,365.[3] The county seat and only incorporated city is Sonora.[4]

Tuolumne County comprises the Sonora, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county is in the Sierra Nevada region.

The northern half of Yosemite National Park is located in the eastern part of the county.

Etymology

The name Tuolumne is of Native American origin and has been given different meanings, such as Many Stone Houses, The Land of Mountain Lions and, Straight Up Steep, the latter an interpretation of William Fuller, a native Chief. Mariano Vallejo, in his report to the first California State Legislature, said that the word is "a corruption of the Indian word talmalamne which signifies 'cluster of stone wigwams.'" The name may mean "people who dwell in stone houses," i.e., in caves.

History

Tuolumne County is one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Prior to statehood, it had been referred to as Oro County. Parts of the county were given to Stanislaus County in 1854 and to Alpine County in 1864.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,274 square miles (5,890 km2), of which 2,221 square miles (5,750 km2) is land and 54 square miles (140 km2) (2.4%) is water.[5] A California Department of Forestry document reports Tuolumne County's 1,030,812 acres (4,171.55 km2) include federal lands such as Yosemite National Park, Stanislaus National Forest, Bureau of Land Management lands, and Indian reservations. Notable landforms in the county include Table Mountain.

Special Districts

Special districts in Tuolumne County include:

  • Belleview Elementary School District
  • Big Oak Flat-Groveland Unified School District
  • Chinese Camp Elementary School District
  • Columbia Fire District
  • Columbia Union Elementary School District
  • Curtis Creek Elementary School District
  • Groveland Community Services District
  • Jamestown Elementary School District
  • Jamestown Fire District
  • Mi-Wuk Sugar Pine Fire Protection District
  • Sonora Elementary School District
  • Sonora Union High School District
  • Soulsbyville Elementary School District
  • Strawberry Fire District
  • Summerville Elementary School District
  • Summerville Union High School District
  • Tuolumne County Air Pollution Control District
  • Tuolumne County Water District No. 1
  • Tuolumne Fire District
  • Tuolumne Regional Water District
  • Tuolumne Utilities District
  • Twain Harte Fire District
  • Twain Harte-Long Barn Union Elementary School District
  • Yosemite Community College District

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC)

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Tuolumne County Transit bus routes radiate from Sonora to serve most of the county. In Columbia, a connection can be made to Calaveras County Transit. Yosemite Area Regional Transportation System (YARTS) makes a single daily round trip from Sonora into Yosemite Valley during Summer months only. YARTS is set to begin a second daily round trip in June 2013. For details visit www.yarts.com or tuolumnecountytransit.com

Airports

Columbia Airport and Pine Mountain Lake Airport are both general aviation airports.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 8,351
1860 16,229 94.3%
1870 8,150 −49.8%
1880 7,848 −3.7%
1890 6,082 −22.5%
1900 11,166 83.6%
1910 9,979 −10.6%
1920 7,768 −22.2%
1930 9,271 19.3%
1940 10,887 17.4%
1950 12,584 15.6%
1960 14,404 14.5%
1970 22,169 53.9%
1980 33,928 53.0%
1990 48,456 42.8%
2000 54,501 12.5%
2010 55,365 1.6%
Est. 2013 53,874 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2013[3]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tuolumne County had a population of 55,365. The racial makeup of Tuolumne County was 48,274 (87.2%) White, 1,143 (2.1%) African American, 1,039 (1.9%) Native American, 572 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,238 (4.0%) from other races, and 2,023 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,918 persons (10.7%).[19]

2000

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 54,501 people, 21,004 households, and 14,240 families residing in the county. The population density was 9/km² (24/mi²). There were 28,336 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.5% White, 2.1% Black or African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 94.7% spoke English and 3.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,004 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 111.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,725, and the median income for a family was $44,327. Males had a median income of $35,373 versus $25,805 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,015. About 8.1% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 56.5% 13,410 40.6% 9,628 2.9% 692
2008 55.2% 14,700 42.5% 11,319 2.3% 620
2004 60.0% 15,745 38.5% 10,104 1.5% 386
2000 55.5% 13,172 39.4% 9,359 5.0% 1,196
1996 47.3% 10,386 40.7% 8,950 12.0% 2,636
1992 35.3% 8,525 38.1% 9,216 26.6% 6,437
1988 54.0% 10,646 44.2% 8,717 1.8% 352
1984 58.1% 10,485 40.4% 7,283 1.6% 283
1980 54.9% 8,810 33.9% 5,449 11.2% 1,804
1976 46.9% 6,104 49.9% 6,492 3.1% 407
1972 54.3% 5,894 42.3% 4,596 3.4% 366
1968 47.5% 4,330 42.9% 3,913 9.6% 876
1964 36.6% 2,861 63.2% 4,939 0.3% 20
1960 49.1% 3,691 50.3% 3,781 0.6% 44

Tuolumne is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Bill Clinton in 1992.

Tuolumne County is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[22] In the state legislature Tuolumne is in the 25th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Kristin Olsen, and the 14th Senate district, which is held by Republican Tom Berryhill.

In the 2008 presidential election, 14,988 votes were counted for John McCain with now president Barack Obama receiving 11,532 votes.[23]

Communities

City

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Chronology". California Counties. California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  2. ^ rar09-mf07 - Gold - $ 12500 SOLD, scroll down
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  8. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  19. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  22. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  23. ^ http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/results/individual/#mapPCA

Further reading

  • A Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Merced, Stanislaus, Calaveras, Tuolumne and Mariposa, California. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1892.
  • "Tuolumne-Calaveras Unit: 2005 Pre-Fire Management Plan, September 28, 2005 Edition," California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, 09-28-2005, pp. 16.
  • US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.
  • CNN News, "Local and National Election Results - Election Center 2008", CNN News, November, 2008.

External links

Coordinates: 38°01′N 119°56′W / 38.02°N 119.94°W / 38.02; -119.94