Tehama County, California

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County of Tehama
County
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Images, from top down, left to right: Black Rock in the Ishi Wilderness, State Theatre in Red Bluff, Park Headquarters in Lassen Volcanic National Park, front of the William B. Ide Adobe
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Seal
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Location in the state of California
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California's location in the United States
Country Click to View Image United States
State Click to View Image California
Region Shasta Cascade
Incorporated 1856
Seat Red Bluff
Largest city Red Bluff
Area
 • Total 7,670 km2 (2,962 sq mi)
 • Land 7,600 km2 (2,950 sq mi)
 • Water 30 km2 (12 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 63,463
 • Density 8.3/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Website www.co.tehama.ca.us

Tehama County (/təˈhmə/ tə-HAY-mə) is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,463.[1] The county seat and largest city is Red Bluff.[2]

Tehama County comprises the Red Bluff, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Redding-Red Bluff, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is bisected by the Sacramento River.

History

Tehama County was formed from parts of Butte, Colusa, and Shasta Counties in 1856.

The county is named for the City of Tehama. The origin of the name is not known. Suggested possible roots are the Arabic word تهامة tehama ("hot low-lands"), the Spanish word tejamanil (shingle), or "high water" in the dialect of local Native Americans.

The first permanent settlers in the area that is now Tehama County were Robert Hasty Thomes, Albert Gallatin Toomes, William George Chard, and Job Francis Dye. The four men were each given land grants by the government of Mexico in 1844. Thomes received Rancho Saucos, Toomes received Rancho Rio de los Molinos, Chard received Rancho Las Flores, and Dye received Rancho Primer Cañon o Rio de Los Berrendos. Later in the same year Josiah Belden received Rancho Barranca Colorado.[3]

Famous early figures include Kit Carson, who took part in a fight that gave name to Bloody Island and Battle Creek, Jedediah Smith, John Fremont, and William B. Ide, the first and only president of the California Republic.

The legacy of racism in Tehama County includes the January 1886 forced removal of Red Bluff's Chinese population, followed by the August 1886 torching of Red Bluff's Chinatown by arsonists. [4] The January 29th, 1886 edition of The Daily Alta detailed 'The Anti-Coolie Move' and confirms that a secret anti-Chinese meeting was convened in the town of Tehama, and an organization established to remove the estimated 2,000 Chinese in and around Vina. Secret daily anti-Chinese caucuses in Red Bluff were also held. [5]

The township of Corning, notably the Maywood Colony was remarkably strident in its profession of racist practice. The Maywood Colony was a large scale agricultural development of Warren N. Woodson, which was marketed nationally through many newspapers and periodicals. An advertisement in the February 1906 edition of Better Fruit...Better Vegetables proclaimed "There are no Japs, Chinese, Italians, Negroes, or other objectionable foreign elements being mixed up with us. They are not here because they are given no encouragement. They are not employed." [6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,962 square miles (7,670 km2), of which 2,950 square miles (7,600 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.4%) is water.[7] Watercourses in Tehama County include Dye Creek and Payne's Creek. A small part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends into the northeast corner of the county.

National protected areas

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Tehama Rural Area Express (TRAX) operates local service in Red Bluff and service to Los Molinos and Corning. Greyhound buses stop in Red Bluff.

Airports

Red Bluff Municipal Airport and Corning Municipal Airport are two general aviation airports.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Tehama County had a population of 63,463. The racial makeup of Tehama County was 51,721 (81.5%) White, 406 (0.6%) African American, 1,644 (2.6%) Native American, 656 (1.0%) Asian, 76 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 6,258 (9.9%) from other races, and 2,702 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,906 persons (21.9%).[18]

2000

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,044
1870 3,587 −11.3%
1880 9,301 159.3%
1890 9,916 6.6%
1900 10,996 10.9%
1910 11,401 3.7%
1920 12,882 13.0%
1930 13,866 7.6%
1940 14,316 3.2%
1950 19,276 34.6%
1960 25,305 31.3%
1970 29,517 16.6%
1980 38,888 31.7%
1990 49,625 27.6%
2000 56,039 12.9%
2010 63,463 13.2%
Est. 2013 63,057 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1790-1960[20] 1900-1990[21]
1990-2000[22] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 56,039 people, 21,013 households, and 14,898 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 23,547 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.4% were of German, 11.0% English, 9.6% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 86.0% spoke English and 13.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,013 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,206, and the median income for a family was $37,277. Males had a median income of $30,872 versus $22,864 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 13.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Tehama County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 60.8% 14,843 36.7% 8,945 3.1% 772
2004 66.4% 15,572 32.0% 7,504 1.6% 368
2000 63.6% 13,270 31.2% 6,507 5.2% 1,077
1996 50.3% 10,292 35.7% 7,290 14.0% 2,861
1992 35.4% 7,419 35.8% 7,508 28.9% 6,052
1988 56.5% 9,854 41.4% 7,213 2.1% 367
1984 62.8% 11,586 35.4% 6,527 1.9% 342
1980 59.1% 9,140 31.3% 4,832 9.6% 1,485
1976 44.8% 6,110 51.3% 6,990 3.9% 535
1972 48.7% 6,054 41.7% 5,175 9.6% 1,195
1968 47.3% 5,198 41.5% 4,565 11.2% 1,236
1964 39.0% 4,529 60.4% 6,928 0.1% 10
1960 50.0% 5,522 49.6% 5,483 0.4% 47
1956 53.8% 4,866 45.8% 4,143 0.4% 33
1952 64.3% 5,742 34.8% 3,110 0.9% 77
1948 51.3% 3,348 44.7% 2,920 4.0% 262
1944 47.8% 2,903 51.5% 3,130 0.7% 41
1940 44.0% 2,913 54.6% 3,618 1.5% 97
1936 38.5% 2,376 59.7% 3,687 1.9% 115
1932 34.2% 2,001 60.4% 3,534 5.4% 316
1928 65.6% 3,393 31.9% 1,650 2.5% 131
1924 46.0% 1,943 11.5% 486 42.5% 1,798
1920 61.8% 2,462 27.1% 1,079 11.1% 442

Tehama is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992.

Tehama County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[25]

In the state legislature Tehama is in the 3rd Assembly district, which is held by Republican Dan Logue, and the 4th Senate district, which is held by Republican Jim Nielsen.

On November 4, 2008, Tehama County voted 72.7% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.[26]

Communities


See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ E. J. Lewis ,1891,Tehama County History:A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California, Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=_xr2kLmUI4YC&q=red+bluff#v=snippet&q=red%20bluff&f=false
  5. ^ http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DAC18860129.2.54#
  6. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=MzA7AQAAMAAJ&q=corning+california#v=snippet&q=there%20are%20no%20japs&f=false
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  10. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  15. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  16. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  17. ^ Data unavailable
  18. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  25. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  26. ^ County Results - Election Center 2008 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com

External links

Coordinates: 40°08′N 122°14′W / 40.13°N 122.23°W / 40.13; -122.23