Pomona, California

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Pomona, California
City
City of Pomona
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The Los Angeles County Fair at Pomona in September 2008.
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Flag
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Seal
Motto: "Vibrant - Safe - Beautiful"[1]
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Location in Los Angeles County and the U.S. state of California
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Pomona, California
Location in California
Coordinates: 34°3′39″N 117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583Coordinates: 34°3′39″N 117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583
Country Click to View Image United States of America
State Click to View Image California
County Click to View Image Los Angeles
Settled 1830s[2]
Incorporated (city) January 6, 1888[2]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area[3]
 • Total 22.964 sq mi (59.474 km2)
 • Land 22.952 sq mi (59.444 km2)
 • Water 0.012 sq mi (0.030 km2)  0.05%
Elevation 850 ft (259 m)
Population (2012[4])
 • Total 149,056 (estimated)
 • Rank 7th in Los Angeles County
35th in California
161st in the United States
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 91766–91768
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-58072
GNIS feature ID 1661247
Website City of Pomona California Website

Pomona is the fifth largest city in Los Angeles County, California. Pomona is located in between the Inland Empire and the San Gabriel Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 149,058.[5]

History

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View to the west-southwest down San Jose Creek from Pomona Park (now Ganesha Park) in 1904. Elephant Hill in the center distance.

The area was originally occupied by the Tongva or Gabrielino Native Americans.

The city is named for Pomona, the ancient Roman goddess of fruit.[6] For Horticulturist Solomon Gates, "Pomona" was the winning entry in a contest to name the city in 1875, before anyone had ever planted a fruit tree[7] The city was first settled by Ricardo Vejar and Ygnacio Palomares in the 1830s, when California and much of the now-American Southwest were part of Mexico. The first Anglo-Americans arrived in prior to 1848 when the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo resulted in California becoming part of the United States.[2] By the 1880s, the arrival of railroads and Coachella Valley water had made it the western anchor of the citrus-growing region. Pomona was officially incorporated on January 6, 1888.[2]

Religious institutions are deeply embedded in the history of Pomona. There are now more than 120 churches, representing most religions in today's society. The historical architecture of these churches provide glimpses of the European church design and architecture from other eras.[7]

In 2005, Pomona citizens elected Norma Torres, the first woman of Guatemalan heritage to be elected to a mayoral post outside of Guatemala.[8]

Geography

Pomona is a suburb of Los Angeles in the Pomona Valley, located at 34°3′39″N 117°45′21″W / 34.06083°N 117.75583°W / 34.06083; -117.75583 (34.060760, -117.755886).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.964 square miles (59.48 km2), over 99% of it land.

Pomona is approximately 27 miles (43 km) east of Los Angeles, 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Ana, 31 miles (50 km) west of Riverside, and 37 miles (60 km) west of San Bernardino.

Pomona is bordered by the cities of San Dimas on the northwest, La Verne and Claremont on the north, Montclair and Chino on the east, Chino Hills and Diamond Bar on the south, and Walnut, South San Jose Hills, and Industry on the southwest. The Los Angeles/San Bernardino county line forms most of the city's southern and eastern boundaries.

Official home of the MS Hall of Shame Museum.

Climate

Pomona has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with hot, dry summers and mild, damp winters and a large amount of sunshine year-round. August is the warmest month with an average daytime high temperature of 92 °F (33 °C). Summers are characterized by sunny days and very little rainfall during the months of June through September. Fall brings cooler temperatures and occasional showers, as well as seasonal Santa Ana winds originating from the northeast. December is the coolest month with an average high temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). Winter also brings the majority of annual precipitation. Snowfall is virtually unheard of, but frost can occur once or twice a year. Annual precipitation averages 17.32 inches (439.9 mm).

Climate data for Pomona, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 91
(33)
94
(34)
100
(38)
104
(40)
106
(41)
106
(41)
113
(45)
109
(43)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
93
(34)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
69
(21)
71
(22)
76
(24)
79
(26)
84
(29)
90
(32)
92
(33)
89
(32)
80
(27)
74
(23)
68
(20)
78.3
(25.8)
Average low °F (°C) 43
(6)
45
(7)
47
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
58
(14)
62
(17)
62
(17)
60
(16)
55
(13)
47
(8)
42
(6)
52
(11.1)
Record low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
26
(−3)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
39
(4)
41
(5)
43
(6)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
24
(−4)
22
(−6)
21
(−6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.11
(79)
4.76
(120.9)
2.63
(66.8)
1.20
(30.5)
0.23
(5.8)
0.09
(2.3)
0.00
(0)
0.03
(0.8)
0.15
(3.8)
1.05
(26.7)
1.62
(41.1)
2.45
(62.2)
17.32
(439.9)
Source: [10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 3,634
1900 5,526 52.1%
1910 10,207 84.7%
1920 13,505 32.3%
1930 20,804 54.0%
1940 23,539 13.1%
1950 35,405 50.4%
1960 67,157 89.7%
1970 87,384 30.1%
1980 92,742 6.1%
1990 131,723 42.0%
2000 149,473 13.5%
2010 149,058 −0.3%
Est. 2012 149,056 0.0%
[4]

2010

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Pomona had a population of 149,058, a slight decline from the 2000 census population.[5] The population density was 6,491.2 people per square mile (2,506.3/km²). The racial makeup of Pomona was 71,564 (48.0%) White (12.5% Non-Hispanic White),[12] 10,924 (7.3%) African American, 1,763 (1.2%) Native American, 12,688 (8.5%) Asian, 282 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 45,171 (30.3%) from other races, and 6,666 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 105,135 persons (70.5%).

The Census reported that 144,920 people (97.2% of the population) lived in households, 2,782 (1.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,356 (0.9%) were institutionalized.

There were 38,477 households, out of which 19,690 (51.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 19,986 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,960 (18.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,313 (8.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,823 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 299 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,810 households (15.1%) were made up of individuals and 2,010 (5.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.77. There were 30,259 families (78.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.15.

The population was spread out with 43,853 people (29.4%) under the age of 18, 20,155 people (13.5%) aged 18 to 24, 42,311 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 31,369 people (21.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,370 people (7.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

There were 39,620 housing units [13] at an average density of 1,771.8 per square mile (684.1/km²), of which 21,197 (55.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,280 (44.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 80,968 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 63,952 people (42.9%) lived in rental housing units

According to the 2010 United States Census, Pomona had a median household income of $48,864, with 20.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [12]

Economy

Since the 1980s, Pomona's newest neighborhood Phillips Ranch, experienced rapid growth with homes still being built in the hilly area between Downtown and Diamond Bar. Today, Phillips Ranch is nearly all residential.[14] Northern Pomona has seen some gentrification with additional housing units added and revamped streetscapes. Pomona Electronics was originally based in the city.

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the city and number of employees are Pomona Unified School District (3,424), Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center (3,230), California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (2,316), Lanterman Developmental Center (1,283), City of Pomona (810), Casa Colina Rehabilitation Center (688), Verizon (596), County of Los Angeles Department of Social Services (383), First Transit (320) and Cal Spas (315).

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

The city is the site of the Fairplex, which hosts the L.A. County Fair and the NHRA Auto Club Raceway at Pomona, (formerly known as Pomona Raceway) Powerade Winternationals Drag Racing competition.[16]

The city also hosts the Pomona Swap Meet and the Classic Car Show. The Classic Car Show is considered by many[who?] to be a Southern California classic. It is one of seven major events hosted at the Fairplex each year.[17]

Museums and other points of interest

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1910 postcard image of Pomona Valley with Mt. Baldy in distance.

Government

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City Hall Pomona, California, 1969, Welton Becket and B.H. Anderson

Local government

Mayor Elliott Rothman

City Council

  • John Nolte
  • Adriana Robledo
  • Cristina Carrizosa
  • Paula Lantz
  • Ginna Escobar
  • Debra Martin
  • City manager Linda Lowry

Financial report

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $220.3 million in Revenues, $225.5 million in expenditures, $818.3 million in total assets, $520.0 million in total liabilities, and $80.6 million in cash and investments.[15]

County representation

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Pomona Health Center in Pomona.[18]

The Los Angeles County Fire Department provides fire department services for Pomona on a contract basis.

Politics

In the state legislature Pomona is located in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Norma Torres, and in the 52nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Freddie Rodriguez. Federally, Pomona is divided between 35th and 39th congressional districts, which have a Cook PVI of D +15 and R +5[19] and are represented by Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod and Republican Ed Royce, respectively.

Education

Public and private schools

Most of Pomona and some of the surrounding area are served by the Pomona Unified School District. The Claremont Unified School District is zoned for the students in the northern section of the city.[20] The Pomona School District has been criticized by some Pomona residents for its construction of the acclaimed expressionist modern[21] Diamond Ranch High School in the city's more affluent area of Phillips Ranch.[22]

There are three parochial schools located in Pomona: St. Madeleine's School (K-5th), St. Joseph Catholic Elementary School (K–8), and Pomona Catholic Middle School and High School. The School of Arts and Enterprise is a charter high school[23] located on Monterey Ave. and Garey Ave. Village Academy High School is also located on E. Holt Blvd and East End Ave. It is a high school that focuses on technology.

Colleges and universities

Media

The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times. La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including:

Infrastructure

Transportation

Pomona is connected to downtown Los Angeles, and to downtown Riverside via Metrolink. In addition, with the Gold Line foothill extension, Pomona will be connected to Los Angeles and eastern Los Angeles county via light rail when the project is completed in 2018.

Freeways

Airports

Pomona is serviced by:

Buses

The Silver Streak is Foothill Transit's bus rapid transit line operating between eastbound to Montclair and westbound to Downtown Los Angeles.

The service runs much more frequently than other area mass transit, and operates around the clock. 60-foot NABI articulated buses are used on this route, like the ones used on the Metro Orange Line, Metro Local, and Metro Rapid.[citation needed]

Notable people

In popular culture

  • It was rumored that Walt Disney originally planned on having Disneyland built in Pomona, but the city council declined his offer, fearing that the park would not succeed and would cause the city to go into debt. According to Matthew Tresaugue, former reporter for the Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, it was one of 71 considered cities, but was ruled out due to temperature extremes, i.e. too hot in summer and too cold at night. It is interesting to note, however, that author James Ellroy used Pomona as the setting for the fictional amusement park Dream-a-Dreamland in his novel L.A. Confidential. Dream-a-Dreamland and its fictional owner, the cartoon magnate Ray Dieterling, were based very closely on Disneyland and Walt Disney.
  • In an I Love Lucy episode, the main characters of the show "go out to the country" on a day trip to Pomona. This is now seen as odd due to Pomona since becoming quite urban. In 1940, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz spent their honeymoon in downtown Pomona.
  • In the 1979 Steven Spielberg film 1941, is partly set in Pomona.
  • In the 1988 film Die Hard, John McClane (Bruce Willis) tells his wife, Holly Genaro McClane (Bonnie Bedelia) that he will be staying with his former captain, who has moved to "Ramona". She laughs at him, saying it's pronounced "Pomona".
  • In the "Treehouse of Horror XVI" episode of The Simpsons, during the introductory scene, during the Springfield Isoptopes's game Pomona was used in a parody of 'The OC'. A poster background depicting the word Pomona in a 'The OC' template. The announcer prompts Fox's newest endeavor 'Pomona' "it's even hotter away from the beach." The episode was written and produced by Pomona native Marc Wilmore.

See also

References

  1. ^ "City of Pomona California Website". City of Pomona California Website. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d William D. Halsey, ed. (1976). "Pomona". Collier's Encyclopedia 19. Macmillan Educational Corporation. p. 232. 
  3. ^ U.S. Census
  4. ^ a b "New York City tops in population; 8 more cities above 1M". 
  5. ^ a b "Most Populous Cities in Los Angeles County Populations of 100,000+ (1990 - 2010 Census)". Los Angeles Almanac. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Pomona, California, CA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b A Brief History of Pomona
  8. ^ "Norma Torres - Mayor of Pomona, California". City Mayors. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Averages for Pomona, CA". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Pomona city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0658072.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Pomona, California, Housing Statistics". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  14. ^ Los Angeles Times, November 15, 1964, “Historic Ranch to Be Big Community”[1]
  15. ^ a b City of Pomona CAFR
  16. ^ http://www.nhra.com/tickets/pomona.aspx
  17. ^ "Pomona Swap Meet". George Cross & Sons, Inc. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Pomona Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  19. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  20. ^ http://www.cusd.claremont.edu/stu/images/boundary_main.gif
  21. ^ Diamond Ranch High School - Thom Mayne - Morphosis - Great Buildings Online
  22. ^ Pomona, California | TripAtlas.com
  23. ^ The School of Arts and Enterprise
  24. ^ "The Top U.S. Architecture Schools". Architect Magazine - online version. Retrieved 2008-09-15. 
  25. ^ "Cal Poly Pomona Rankings". Visitor & Information Centers at Cal Poly Pomona. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  26. ^ "Pomona Healthcare - Western University of Health Sciences." Village Profile. Community Profile Network. Web. 27 Dec. 2011. <http://www.villageprofile.com/california/pomona/09/topic.html>.
  27. ^ DeVry Pomona Community Home Page
  28. ^ Hamza Abdullah, DB for the Arizona Cardinals at NFL.com
  29. ^ Husain Abdullah, SS for the Minnesota Vikings at NFL.com
  30. ^ Above The Law on Yahoo! Music
  31. ^ The Jessica Alba Picture Pages
  32. ^ Flint, Peter B. (March 2, 1989). "Richard Armour, 82, an Author Of Whimsical Free Verse, Is Dead". The New York Times. 
  33. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/jeanne-black-p24117
  34. ^ Poet's Musings: SMOKE AND THUNDER by Jim Chandler
  35. ^ Above the Law - Download Above the Law Music on iTunes
  36. ^ Dan Cortes Minor League Statistics & History - Baseball-Reference.com
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l People From Pomona, California
  38. ^ Eastern Michigan University Athletics - 2009 Football Coaching Staff
  39. ^ Al Ferguson athletic career, photos, articles, and videos | Fanbase
  40. ^ "Mike Frank Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  41. ^ Pomona Pimpin - Suga Free
  42. ^ Muse: Champion Paper-Folder
  43. ^ Donnie Hill Baseball Stats by Baseball Almanac
  44. ^ "Bruce Hines Profile - Photos, Wallpapers, Videos, News, Movies, Bruce Hines Songs, Pics". Connect.in.com. 1957-11-07. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  45. ^ http://www.valsfa.com/valhalla/earlyday.htm
  46. ^ W. K. Kellogg Arabian Horse Library
  47. ^ Kokane - True Knowledge
  48. ^ Daniel Keys Moran Web Page
  49. ^ Shane Mosley is Stripped, Senchenko Full WBA Champ - Boxing News
  50. ^ Ed Nelson News, Ed Nelson Bio and Photos | TVGuide.com
  51. ^ Kem Nunn | Official Publisher Page
  52. ^ Orlando Perez | Major League Soccer
  53. ^ Scott Reeder
  54. ^ "Bill Singer Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  55. ^ "Randy Stein Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Brian Stokes Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  57. ^ Eastern Michigan University Athletics - Jimmy Verdon Jr. Named Graduate Assistant Football Coach
  58. ^ "Biography of Frank Wilcox". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2013. 
  59. ^ V52 Spring 2008
  60. ^ Rich Yett Statistics and History - Baseball-Reference.com

External links