Rialto, California

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City of Rialto
City
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Flag
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Seal
Motto: Bridge to Progress
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Location of Rialto in California
Coordinates: 34°6′41″N 117°22′57″W / 34.11139°N 117.38250°W / 34.11139; -117.38250Coordinates: 34°6′41″N 117°22′57″W / 34.11139°N 117.38250°W / 34.11139; -117.38250
Country Click to View Image United States
State Click to View Image California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated (city) November 17, 1911 [1]
Government
 • City Council Mayor Grace Vargas
Joe Baca, Jr.
Edward M. Palmer
Deborah Robertson
Ed Scott
 • City Clerk Barbara McGee
 • City Treasurer Edward Carrillo
 • City Administrator Mike Story
Area[2]
 • Total 22.365 sq mi (57.926 km2)
 • Land 22.351 sq mi (57.889 km2)
 • Water 0.014 sq mi (0.037 km2)  0.06%
Elevation 1,257 ft (383 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 99,171
 • Density 4,400/sq mi (1,700/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 92376, 92377 [3]
Area code(s) 909 [4]
FIPS code 06-60466
GNIS feature ID 1661306
Website http://www.rialtoca.gov/

Rialto is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. According to Census Bureau estimates, the city had a population of 99,171 in 2010.

Rialto is home to four major regional distribution centers: Staples Inc., which serves stores across the entire West Coast of the United States, Toys "R" Us, Under Armour and Target in the northern region of the city, in the Las Colinas community. One of the United States' largest fireworks companies, Pyro Spectaculars, is also headquartered in Rialto.

Climate

Rialto also known as "Bridge City" features a somewhat cooler version of a Mediterranean climate which may be characterized as a Continental Mediterranean climate, which is known for wet, cool to chilly winters (frost is typical during this time of year) with hot, dry summers.

The particularly arid climate during the summer prevents tropospheric clouds from forming, meaning temperatures rise to what is considered Class Orange by the scientists at NOAA. Rialto gets an average of 16 inches (410 mm) of rain, hail, or light snow showers each year; most of this rainfall precipitates in winter. During winter, Rialto's northern-most neighborhood gets snow, heavily at times as a result of its elevation of about 3,000 feet (910 m) above sea level. However, most of city is out of snowfalls' path.

The seasonal Santa Ana winds are felt particularly strongly in not only Rialto but the greater San Bernardino area as warm and dry air is channeled through nearby Cajon Pass at times during the autumn months. This phenomenon markedly increases the wildfire danger in the foothill, canyon, and mountain communities that the cycle of cold wet winters and dry summers helps create.

Geography

Rialto is located at 34°6′41″N 117°22′57″W / 34.11139°N 117.38250°W / 34.11139; -117.38250 (34.111360, −117.382403).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles (58 km2). 22.4 square miles (58 km2) of it is land and 0.06% is water.

Demographics

2000

As of the census[6] of 2000, there are 91,873 people, 24,659 households, and 20,516 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,622.0/km² (4,200.7/mi²). There are 26,045 housing units at an average density of 459.8/km² (1,190.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 39.37% White, 22.27% African American, 1.05% Native American, 2.47% Asian, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 29.20% from other races, and 5.21% from two or more races. 51.21% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 24,659 households out of which 52.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% are married couples living together, 18.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% are non-families. 13.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.69 and the average family size is 4.01.

In the city the population is spread out with 37.7% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $41,254, and the median income for a family is $42,638. Males have a median income of $34,110 versus $26,640 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,375. 17.4% of the population and 13.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

2010

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Rialto had a population of 99,171. The population density was 4,434.1 people per square mile (1,712.0/km²). The racial makeup of Rialto was 43,592 (44.0%) White (12.6% Non-Hispanic White),[8] 16,236 (16.4%) African American, 1,062 (1.1%) Native American, 2,258 (2.3%) Asian, 361 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 30,993 (31.3%) from other races, and 4,669 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67,038 persons (67.6%).

The Census reported that 98,724 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 254 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 193 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 25,202 households, out of which 14,384 (57.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,811 (54.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,175 (20.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,191 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,780 (7.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 150 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,141 households (12.5%) were made up of individuals and 1,283 (5.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.92. There were 21,177 families (84.0% of all households); the average family size was 4.20.

The population was spread out with 32,604 people (32.9%) under the age of 18, 12,204 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 26,802 people (27.0%) aged 25 to 44, 20,655 people (20.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,906 people (7.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

There were 27,203 housing units at an average density of 1,216.3 per square mile (469.6/km²), of which 16,294 (64.7%) were owner-occupied, and 8,908 (35.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.7%. 64,148 people (64.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,576 people (34.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Rialto had a median household income of $49,428, with 19.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[8]

Crime

Rialto's crime rate was slightly above the national average every year from 1999 to 2007. From 2008 to 2010, the crime rate in Rialto was below the national average.[9] In 2006, Rialto fielded 0.89 police officers per 1,000 residents, less than one-third the national average.[9]

Politics

In the state legislature Rialto is located in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Negrete McLeod, and in the 62nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wilmer Carter. Federally, Rialto is located in California's 43rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +10[10] and is represented by Democrat Joe Baca.

Transit system

The City of Rialto is situated between Interstate 10 and Interstate 210. According to statistics approximately 55% of the working class in the city of Rialto commute more than 10 miles (16 km) to get to work and almost 13% travel to and from Los Angeles and San Bernardino. Average commute times from Rialto are between 33.6 and 37.6 minutes[11]

Metrolink's San Bernardino Line takes approximately one hour and twenty minutes to commute each way[12] and to San Bernardino 10 minutes.[13] The same trip via Interstate 10 or 210 takes between 45 minutes to 2 hours depending on traffic volume and driver speed to Los Angeles and San Bernardino. Rialto is served by the Metrolink regional rail service on the Metrolink San Bernardino Line.

Preceding station   Click to View Image   Following station
San Bernardino Line
Terminus

History

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1907 First Christian Church, now Rialto Historical Society.

Ancient artifacts discovered by archaeologists suggest that what is now the city of Rialto was settled prior to 1500.[14] Such artifacts, now found at the Rialto Historical Society, indicate that the Serrano Indians lived in the Rialto area between 1500 and 1800 AD.[15] There is no indication as to where these Indians went or why.[15]

In 1842, the Lugo family was granted the Rancho San Bernardino-a holding of 37,700 acres-which encompassed Rialto.[16] In 1851, the Mountain Family[citation needed] purchased part of the Lugo family's Rancho San Bernardino,[16] and claimed several other portions of the bench which later became known as Rialto. This claim was later amended by the United States Government, permitting them a smaller fraction of the initial purchase.[17]

An adobe building from the early 19th century which was used for many purposes over the years, is the oldest building still standing in Rialto and stands restored in Bud Bender Park, formerly known as "Lilac Park".[18] The City of Rialto leases the house and a small portion of park land to the Rialto Historical Society for $1 annually.

In 1887 a railroad connector line was built between San Bernardino and Pasadena by the Santa Fe Railroad.[14] Along the line, townsites were located every 2,600 yards (2,400 m) and by the fall of that year over 25 new towns were being built. This same year the Semitropic Land and Water Company was formed to organize the purchase and selling of real estate, water, and water rights and privileges.[14]

In the fall of 1888, the first school was built and Brooke School District was formed.[19] Records show[citation needed] that up until 1920, the Brooke School District was in continuous operation, except for a very short time in 1888. The prominent Rialto Trapp family bought the first school house in 1921, remodeled the building, and members of the family resided in it until it was destroyed by fire. The Rialto School District (today Rialto Unified School District), was formed in 1891. The staff consisted of two teachers and a principal with separate play areas for the boys and girls.

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Historic Pacific Electric depot, now a restaurant.

The Chamber of Commerce was established in 1907.[14] The Chamber incorporated in the spring of 1911.[14] By 1911 the population had grown to 1,500 with 40 businesses and a local newspaper. The election results on October 31 of the same year were 135 for the incorporation of the city and 72 against.[14]

Foothill Boulevard was repaired in 1913 and became U.S. Route 66 a section of the US highway system.[14] In 1914 Los Angeles' Pacific Electric Railway completed its San Bernardino Line through the City of Rialto, with a junction at Riverside Avenue for the Riverside Line. Today the Tracks above First Street are a part of the Union Pacific and the Pacific Electric depot on Riverside Avenue is Cuca's Restaurant.[18]

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Boxcars, Rialto, California

A fire in the 1920s swept through and destroyed many of the buildings in the downtown area.[14]

Rialto's population growth had increased to 3,156 by 1950. In 1956 the population soared to 15,359. By 1964 it showed increase to 23,290 and 33,500 in 1978. Rialto is 4 miles (6.4 km) wide and 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long. Rialto's population grew from 80,000 in 1994 to over 91,873 in 2000.

Governance and Management

Management Structure 2012 In 2011, City Administrator Mike Story consolidated various department head positions in an effort to save resources. The Current Department heads are: City Administrator - Mike Story Development Services Director/Assistant to the City Administrator - Robb Steel Director of Administrative and Community Services (Formally three separate departments; Finance, Human Resources and Recreation) - George Harris Police Chief - Tony Farrar Fire Chief - Mat Fratus Public Works Director - Marcus Fuller City Clerk - Barbara McGee City Treasurer - Edward Carrillo City Attorney - Jimmy Gutierrez

Education

Rialto is served by the Rialto Unified School District. It has a Christian School called Bloomington Christian School on Bloomington Avenue for junior high and high school. It also has a preschool and elementary hosted by Calvary Chapel Rialto. Rialto is also home to a private Catholic school (Preschool thru 8th grade). St. Catherine of Siena Parish School is located on Sycamore Avenue, just off Foothill Boulevard. The western portion of Rialto is served by Fontana Unified School District while the southern portion of Rialto is served by Colton Joint Unified School District.

In 1994, the Rialto Western Little League hosted the Southern California Championship for the Major Division, in which the winner went on to participate in the Regional Tournament. The winner was Northridge City Little League who went on to play in the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. The Tournament was held at Lilac Park, now known as Bud Bender Park.

In the news

School assignment debating Holocaust denial

In April 2014, the Rialto school district came under fire for having given about 2,000 8th grade students a "critical thinking" writing assignment which asked them to take a position whether the Holocaust occurred, and to defend that position citing published arguments, including rebuttals to the selected arguments.[20] Although the school system initially defended the December 2013 assignment, which was already completed and graded when the media published the story, the board of the school district formally apologized for what its chairman called the "horribly inappropriate assignment."[21][22]

Water contamination

In the late 1990s, local water officials discovered perchlorate contamination in the city's drinking water supply that contained as much as 800 times the recommended limit according to safety recommendations issued in other states.[23]

The contaminant, which has seeped into several of the town's drinking water wells, is the subject of lawsuits by the city of Rialto against 42 parties, including Goodrich Corporation and Black & Decker, the US Department of Defense, and the San Bernardino County.[24] Both companies, most likely under contract with the Department of Defense, operated weapons manufacturing facilities which used massive quantities of rocket fuel.

After many years of negotiations, Goodrich Corporation and Black & Decker still have not agreed to clean toxic waste from the environment in northern Rialto. Studies have shown that perchlorate consumption, at the levels measured in the affected wells, can lead to medical issues.[citation needed] Perchlorate exposure can harm iodine uptake into the thyroid.[25]

With several other wells unusable due to contamination,[26] the drought-prone city teeters on the brink of running out of water.[26]

2005 recall election

On September 13, 2005 the Rialto city council voted to dissolve the Rialto Police Department and replace it with a contract with the San Bernardino County sheriff's department. Soon after the vote, a San Bernardino County court issued an injunction on the change because the vote was done in secret.[citation needed] As a result two city council members, Ed Scott and Winfred Lee Hansen, were up for recall.[27] In March 2006, city leaders decided to keep the Police Department.[28]

Movie industry

The local Interstate 210 between Alder Ave and Linden Ave has been filmed for movies and TV.

The movie Transformers, 2007 Fox television show, Drive, the freeway scenes in The Hangover, Due Date, and several commercials by UPS and car ads have been shot there.

The television show, Fear Factor, used a portion of the then uncompleted highway 210 in Rialto for one of their notably-extreme stunts.

Hall of Fame

City of Rialto's Inaugural Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony took place on Saturday, November 17, 2007.

2007 Inductees:[29]

2008 Inductees: November 18, 2008

2009 Inductees, November 19, 2009:[30]

  • Ronnie Lott – NFL Hall of Fame Football Player
  • Al Jury – NFL Official
  • H.R. 1243 111th United States Congress – Introducing and passing the Arnold Palmer Congressional Gold Medal Act
  • Bill Batt – Rialto Girls Softball Coach, 39 years
  • Scott Russell – CIF Champion Baseball Coach
  • John Silva – Rialto Junior All American Football Official, 36 years
  • Roger Birdsall – Little League Baseball Official, 46 years
  • Lisa Marie Varon – Women's Wrestling Champion
  • 2009 Eisenhower Basketball Team – State Champs
  • 1993 Eisenhower Football Team – State Champs

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Census". Retrieved 2011-12-12. 
  3. ^ "USPS – ZIP Code Lookup – Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Number Administration System – NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved February 20, 2007. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rialto city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0660466.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ a b "Rialto, California (CA 92376, 92377) profile". city-data.com. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved February 10, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Average Commute Time in Rialto, CA by Zip Code". zipatlas.com. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Rialto to Los Angeles Union Station". trainbrain.com. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Rialto to San Bernardino on a weekday". Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Story of Rialto". City of Rialto. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  15. ^ a b "Rialto, California". route66ca.org. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  16. ^ a b "County of San Bernardino, California - History". San Bernardino County. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Mormons in San Bernardino County, California". CaliforniaGenealogy.com. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b Jason Pesick (May 14, 2008). "The Wonders of Rialto - San Bernardino County Sun". Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  19. ^ "History of RUSD". Rialto Unified School District. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  20. ^ "School District Officials Reportedly Threatened Over Holocaust Assignment". KCAL-TV CBS. Los Angeles, California. May 5, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  21. ^ Rocha, Veronica (May 7, 2014). "Rialto school officials apologize for Holocaust assignment". The Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California). Retrieved 2014-05-07. 
  22. ^ Yarborough, Beau (05/04/14, 5:38 PM PDT). "EXCLUSIVE: Rialto Unified defends writing assignment on confirming or denying Holocaust". San Bernardino Sun (San Bernardino County, California). Retrieved 2014-05-07. "'When tragic events occur in history, there is often debate about their actual existence... For example, some people claim the Holocaust is not an actual historical event, but instead is a propaganda tool that was used for political and monetary gain. Based upon your research on this issue, write an argumentative essay, utilizing cited textual evidence, in which you explain whether or not you believe the Holocaust was an actual event in history, or merely a political scheme created to influence public emotion and gain. Remember to address counterclaims (rebuttals) to your stated claim. You are also required to use parenthetical (internal) citations and to provide a Works Cited page.'" 
  23. ^ "Opposition to Proposed Rialto Cleanup Settlement Voiced". Environment California. November 16, 2005. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Contamination and litigation in Rialto (CA)". TCEBlog. January 30, 2008. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Perchlorate". Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  26. ^ a b Susannah Rosenblatt (November 24, 2007). "Rialto declares emergency on drinking water". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  27. ^ By MEGHAN LEWITAND RICHARD BROOKS / The Press-Enterprise (October 25, 2005). "Inland News | PE.com | Southern California News | News for Inland Southern California". PE.com. Retrieved February 22, 2011. [dead link]
  28. ^ By MARY BENDERThe Press-Enterprise (October 19, 2007). "Rialto Police Department no stranger to turmoil | Inland News | PE.com | Southern California News | News for Inland Southern California". PE.com. Retrieved February 22, 2011. [dead link]
  29. ^ By MARY BENDERThe Press-Enterprise (November 15, 2007). "Rialto to induct first group to city Hall of Fame | San Bernardino Area | PE.com | Southern California News | News for Inland Southern California". PE.com. Retrieved February 22, 2011. [dead link]
  30. ^ "Rep. Baca Inducted Into Rialto Hall of Fame". House.gov. November 17, 2009. Retrieved February 22, 2011. 

External links